Child protection is used to describe a set of services designed to protect children and young people who are underage and to encourage family stability. These typically include foster care, adoption services, services aimed at supporting at-risk families so they can remain intact, and investigation of alleged child abuse.
Most children who come to the attention of the child welfare system do so because of any of the following situations, which are often collectively termed child abuse:
Child sexual abuse
Neglect including the failure to take adequate measures to safeguard a child from harm and/or gross negligence in providing for a child’s basic needs: